Outcomes for implementation research

This article, produced in 2011 by Enola Proctor and colleagues from a number of universities  in the USA, identifies and explains implementation outcomes. It defines a taxonomy of eight overarching outcomes: acceptability, adoption, appropriateness, feasibility, fidelity, implementation cost, penetration and sustainability. It describes each outcome in turn, discussing its merits and outlining how it might be measured. While this is an academic article aimed at researchers, it will be of interest to all stakeholders involved in implementation.